Adobe Certified Expert (ACE), Photoshop
Video Editor & Graphic Designer
OC = ON CAMERA
VO = VOICE-OVER
VO/SOT = VOICE-OVER FOLLOWED BY SOUND ON TAPE
SOT/VO = SOUND ON TAPE FOLLOWED BY VOICE-OVER
PKG = PACKAGE
FX = GRAPHICS OR EFFECTS SEQUENCE
ESS = ELECTRONIC STILL-STORE
CG = CHARACTER GENERATOR
CAPGEN = CAPTION GENERATOR
LIVE = MICROWAVE OR SATELLITE REMOTE
MX = MICROWAVE
SAT = SATELLITE
DVE = DIGITAL VIDEO EFFECTS
MC = MASTER CONTROL
CAM = CAMERA
CAM 1 = CAMERA ONE
KEY = KEY SHOT
Aspect Ratio : the ratio of width to height of the video image. SDTV is 4:3.
Wide-screen video is 16:9.
Charge-Coupled Device (CCD): the imaging device inside the studio
television camera. A CCD (or chip) converts light into a video signal.
Professional cameras have three CCDs, one each to image red, green,
and blue. The larger the CCD, the higher the possible resolution.
Professional-grade CCDs are a half inch or larger.
Chroma Key Wall: a set piece that is painted a green or blue color (or a
cyc or curtain that is dyed similarly). When viewed through the studio
camera, the color can be isolated, removed, and replaced in the chroma
key process. The weather forecast is usually delivered from the chroma
Chrominance: color saturation.
Backlight: a lighting instrument located 45 degrees up and to the rear
of a talent position. A backlight provides visual separation of the talent
from the background.
Fill Light: the second light of the three-point lighting strategy. Located
45 degrees up and to the right of the talent position, the fill light may
be a spot light or a flood light.
Key Light: the first light of the three-point lighting strategy. Located
45 degrees up and to the left of the talent position, the key light is usually
a spot light.
Flood Lights: lighting instruments that generate a type of light ray
that is nonparallel and distanced apart. The quality of light is soft or
diffuse and the beam spread is wide.
Headroom: the visual space between the top of the talent’s head and the
top of the image frame.
Leadroom or Looking Room: visual space given in the frame for the talent
to walk into or look into.
Ingest: the process of loading video into a video server. If the video is
analog, the process involves digitization.
Tone: a 1-kHZ audio signal used to calibrate the audio board and the VTRs.
Lavaliere: the most common type of studio microphone. Also known as a
lapel mic, the unit is small and unobtrusive.
Bug: a small graphic (usually a logo) keyed onto Video Program
signal at Master Control.
Montage: Although the word ‘montage’ can mean editing in general, it is most
often used to describe a sequence that is built up through the juxtaposition and rhythm of images and sounds.
Command Cue Language: the shorthand language that permits the
Director to speak to and instruct the entire production crew at once.
News Desk: a prominent feature of the news set where the anchors sit
and deliver the newscast.
News Director: the ultimate producer responsible for a television news
Linear Editing: tape-to-tape, chronological editing. May be digital or
Nonlinear Editing (NLE): computer-based, non-chronological editing.
Common software includes Apple Computer’s Final Cut Pro, Adobe
Premiere, and AVID.
NTSC: National Television Standards Council.
On Camera (OC): a story format where the anchor merely reads a story
to a camera with no associated video clip.
Pre-production: The work done on a programme before the filming stage starts
Post-production: The work done on a programme after the filming stage has finished